Climate.—As Southern Rhodesia extends between 16° S. and 22° S., and is thus within the tropics, it might be expected that the climate would be trying for Europeans, but owing to the elevation of the country the temperature is rarely too high for comfort. Another factor that renders the climate equable is that the rainy season coincides with the summer months, and the winter months are dry. The nights are always cool, so that the climate approximates to the ideal. On the high tableland which forms the great proportion of the country the temperature in the shade rarely reaches 100° and there is just sufficient frost in the winter to be useful to farmers.

Rhodesia had significant mineral resources including, amongst others, coalchromium orenickelcopperiron orevanadiumtinplatinum group metals (such as palladium) and diamonds. Globally it was a significant producer of lithiumchrysotile asbestos and vermiculiteGold, platinum group metals and chromium are Remaned Zimbabwe it is an economic basket case even though The Great Dyke provides most of Zimbabwe’s chromium reserves. Because of it’s inability to mange things Zimbabwe experienced a decline in the mining of many minerals in the period to 2008 including the closure of several gold mines. However, diamond production increased making the country Africa’s seventh largest producer by 2008.

The country has considerable coal reserves which are used in power generation. Its coal-bed methane field, the largest in southern Africa has not yet been exploited to the full.

Why is it a failed state?

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South Africa is the 24th-largest country in the world. It is about the same size as Colombia, twice the size of France, three times as big as Japan, four times the size of Italy and five times the size of the United Kingdom.

The Carlton Hotel 1.jpg

The Failed Carlton Hotel In Johannesburg. A good example of why South Africa failed.

South Africa is rich in a variety of minerals. In addition to diamonds and gold, the country also contains reserves of iron ore, platinum, manganese, chromium, copper, uranium, silver, beryllium, and titanium. No commercially exploitable deposits of petroleum have been found, but there are moderate quantities of natural gas located off the southern coast, and synthetic fuel is made from coal at two large plants in the provinces of Free State and Mpumalanga.

Why is it a failed state?

 

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