Hoodies were later adopted by hip hop * mostly black rapper culture as a symbol of what one reporter termed “cool anonymity and vague menace. 

In 2012 Trayvon Martin while wearing a hoodie was shot and killed by George Zimmerman. Protests over his death involved hoodies. Fox News host Geraldo Rivera encouraged young black people to stop wearing hoodies though he later apologized for his comments. Zimmerman’s defense team offered what was called “the hoodie defense”. They argued that it was reasonable for Zimmerman to regard Martin’s hoodie as a threat. According to Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban, author of Race and Racism, following Zimmerman’s trial the hoodie became emblematic of the Black Lives Matter movement.

* Hip hop is a movement created by African Americans in  the Bronx, New York City. While the term hip hop is often used to refer exclusively to hip hop music (including rap). 

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